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Random insight of the night: every couple years, someone stands up and bemoans the fact that programming is still primarily done through the medium of text. And surely with all the power of modern graphical systems there must be a better way. But consider:

* the most powerful tool we have as humans for handling abstract concepts is language
* our brains have several hundred millenia of optimizations for processing language
* we have about 5 millenia of experimenting with ways to represent language outside our heads, using media (paper, parchment, clay, cave walls) that don't prejudice any particular form of representation at least in two dimensions
* the most wildly successful and enduring scheme we have stuck with over all that time is linear strings of symbols. Which is text.

So it is no great surprise that text is well adapted to our latest adventure in encoding and manipulating abstract concepts.

@rafial Both accurate and also misses the fact that Excel is REGULARLY misused for scientific calculations and near-programming level things since its GUI is so intuitive for doing math on things.

Like, GUI programming is HERE, we just don't want to admit it due to how embarrassing it is.

@Canageek very good point. Excel is actually the most widely used programming environment by far.

@rafial Now what we need to do is make a cheap, easy to use version of it that is designed for what scientists are using it for it. Column labels, semantic labels, faster calculations, better dealing with mid-sized data (tens of thousands of data point range), etc

@Canageek I'm wondering, given your professional leanings if you can comment on the use of "notebook" style programming systems such as Jupyter and of course Mathematica. Do you have experience with those? And if so how do they address those needs?

Thanks @urusan, I found the article interesting, and it touched on the issue how to balance the coherence of a centrally designed tool with the need for something open, inspectable, non-gatekept, and universally accessible.

PDF started its life tied to what was once a very expensive, proprietary tool set. The outside implementations that @Canageek refers to were crucial in it becoming a universally accepted format.

I think the core idea of the computational notebook is a strong one. The question for me remains if we can arrive at a point where a notebook created 5, 10, 20 or more years ago can still be read and executed without resorting to software archeology. Even old PDFs sometimes break when viewed through new apps.

@rafial @urusan Aim for longer then that. I can compile TeX documents from the 80s, and I could run ShelX files from the 60s if I wantd to.

@Canageek @urusan oh hey, I'm all for longer, eventually we'll need centuries. But I've also seen the hair pulling it can take to revive archived source code from even a couple years back, and realizing we've got to start by getting to the point where even a decade is a reliable and expected thing.

@rafial @urusan Fair, though I'd say source code is pointless and what we need is more focus on good, easy access to the raw data.

If you can't reproduce what was done from what is in the paper, you haven't described what you've done well enough, and redoing it is better then just rerunning code as a bug might have been removed between software versions, you might notice something not seen in the original, etc.

@Canageek @rafial This is something I have been thinking about while talking about this. The Jupyter notebook approach is much better when code gets involved.

However, the main alternative is to just eschew code entirely. I think this is valid, especially in fields where code is largely irrelevant and you can just provide your data and describe your statistical approach and let the reader deal with it.

@urusan @rafial That would be my favoured approach. Raw data plus a good set of standard statistical tools. More basic analysis = less care if the EXACT toolchain is lost.

If you can't redo the analysis in alternatives then it isn't good science in the first place.

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